Type 2 Diabetes
Pour that second cup of coffee. Hey, go for a third or even a fourth! A new study from Finland concludes that people who drink coffee and other caffeinated beverages reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, reports Reuters. This isn't the first study to reach this conclusion. A similar association was found in 2002 by Dutch researchers.
The study: The research term, led by Dr. Jaako Tuomilehto, from the National Public Health Institute in Helsinki, analyzed data from surveys conducted in 1982, 1987, and 1992 to assess the link between coffee intake and diabetes in 6,974 men and 7,655 women, reports Reuters. None of the participants had diabetes, heart disease, and stroke when the various studies began. The average follow-up period was 12 years. During this time, 381 of the 14,629 volunteers developed type 2 diabetes.
The results: Compared with those who drank no coffee or up to two cups a day, men and women who drank up to 10 cups daily were 55 percent and 79 percent less likely, respectively, to develop diabetes. Coffee's protective effect against diabetes persisted even after other factors were taken into account, including body weight, smoking status, alcohol use, and consumption of filtered or non-filtered coffee.
Here's the question of the day: How does coffee reduce the risk of diabetes? The researchers don't know. It may be the caffeine, but it may be other ingredients instead. The research findings were published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.