A sauce for a salad that are usually based on
vinaigrette, mayonnaise, or other emulsified product.
History: Salad dressings and sauces have a long and colorful
history, dating back to ancient times. The Chinese have been using soy
sauce for 5,000 years; the Babylonians used oil and vinegar for dressing
greens nearly 2,000 years ago; and the ever-popular Worcestershire was
derived from a sauce used since the days of the Caesar. Indeed, early
Romans preferred their grass and herb salads dressed with salt. Egyptians
favored a salad dressed with oil, vinegar and Oriental spices. Mayonnaise
is said to have made its debut at a French Noblemanís table over 200 years
ago. Salads were favorites in the great courts of European Monarchs -
Royal salad chefs often combined as many as 35 ingredients in one enormous
salad bowl, including such exotic "greens" as rose petals, marigolds,
nasturtiums, and violets. Englandís King Henry IV's favorite salad was a
tossed mixture of new potatoes (boiled and diced), sardines and herb
dressing. Mary, Queen of Scots, preferred boiled celery root diced and
tossed with lettuce, creamy mustard dressing, truffles, chervil and
hard-cooked egg slices.
In the Twentieth Century, Americans went a step further in salad
development - making it a fine art by using basic dressing ingredients
(oil, vinegar or lemon juice, and spices) and Yankee ingenuity, to create
an infinite variety of sauces and dressings to make salads the best ever.
"Store bought" dressings and sauces were largely unavailable until the
turn of the century. Many of the major brands of dressings and sauces
available today were on the market as early as the 1920ís.
- In 1896, Joe Marzetti opened a restaurant in
Columbus, OH and began to serve his customers a variety of dressings
developed from old country recipes. Consumer acceptance led Mr. Marzetti
to bottle and sell his dressing to restaurant customers in 1919.
- In 1912 Richard Hellmann, a deli owner in New York, began to sell
his blue ribbon mayonnaise in wooden containers. One year later, in
response to a very strong consumer demand, Mr. Hellmann began to market
the mayonnaise in glass jars.
- In 1925, the Kraft Cheese Company
entered the salad products business with the purchase of several regional
mayonnaise manufacturers and the Milani Company (which led to Kraftís
initial entry into the pourable dressing business with French Dressing as
its first flavor).