Old Wine Recipes
Allow three gallons of soft water (measured after it has boiled an
hour) to six gallons of gooseberries, which must be full ripe. Top
and tail the gooseberries; put them, a few at a time, into a
wooden dish, and with a rolling-pin or beetle break and mash every
one; transferring them, as they are done, into a large stone jar.
Pour the boiling water upon the mashed gooseberries; cover the
jar, and let them stand twelve hours. Then strain and measure the
juice, and to each quart allow three-quarters of a pound of loaf-sugar;
mix it with the liquid, and let it stand eight or nine
hours to dissolve, stirring it several times.
Then pour it into a keg of proper size for containing it, and let
it ferment at the bung-hole; filling it up as it works out with
some of the liquor reserved for that purpose. As soon as it ceases
to hiss, stop it close with a cloth wrapped round the bung. A pint
of white brandy for every gallon of the gooseberry wine may be
added on bunging it up. At the end of four or five months it will
probably be fine enough to bottle off. It is best to bottle it in
cold frosty weather. You may refine it by allowing to every gallon
of wine the whites of two eggs, beaten to a froth, with a very
small tea-spoonful of salt. When the white of egg, &c, is a stiff
froth, take out a quart of the wine, and mix them well together.
Then pour it into the cask, and in a few days it will be fine and
clear. You may begin to use it any time after it is bottled. Put
two or three raisins in the bottom of each bottle. They will tend
to keep the wine from any farther fermentation.
Fine gooseberry wine has frequently passed for champagne. Keep the
bottles in saw-dust, lying on their sides.
Take four gallons of ripe currants; strip them from the stalks
into a great stone jar that has a cover to it, and mash them with
a long thick stick. Let them stand twenty-four hours; then put the
currants into a large linen bag; wash out the jar, set it under
the bag, and squeeze the juice into it. Boil together two gallons
and a half of water, and five pounds and a half of the best loaf-sugar,
skimming it well. When the scum ceases to rise, mix the
syrup with the currant juice. Let it stand a fortnight or three
weeks to settle; and then transfer it to another vessel, taking
care not to disturb the lees or dregs. If it is not quite clear
and bright, refine it by mixing with a quart of the wine, (taken
out for the purpose,) the whites of two eggs beaten to a stiff
froth, and half an ounce of cream of tartar. Pour this gradually
into the vessel. Let it stand ten days, and then bottle it off.
Place the bottles in saw-dust, laying them on their sides. Take
care that the saw-dust is not from pine wood. The wine will be fit
to drink in a year, but is better when three or four years old.
You may add a little brandy to it when you make it; allowing a
quart of brandy to six gallons of wine.
Put four gallons of ripe raspberries into a stone jar, and mash
them with a round stick. Take four gallons of soft water,
(measured after it has boiled an hour,) and strain it warm over
the raspberries. Stir it well and let it stand twelve hours. Then
strain it through a bag, and to every gallon of liquor put three
pounds of loaf-sugar. Set it over a clear fire, and boil and skim
it till the scum ceases to rise. When it is cold bottle it. Open
the bottles every day for a fortnight, closing them again in a few
minutes. Then seal the corks, and lay the bottles on their sides
in saw-dust, which must not be from pine wood.
Gather the elderberries when quite ripe; put them into a stone
jar, mash them with a round stick, and set them in a warm oven, or
in a large kettle of boiling water till the jar is hot through,
and the berries begin to simmer. Then take them out, and press and
strain them through a sieve. To every quart of juice allow a pound
of Havanna or Lisbon sugar, and two quarts of cold soft water. Put
the sugar into a large kettle, pour the juice over it, and, when
it has dissolved, stir in the water. Set the kettle over the fire,
an& boil and skim it till the scum ceases to rise. To four gallons
of the liquor add a pint and a half of brandy. Put it into a keg,
and let it stand with the bung put in loosely for four or five
days, by which time it will have ceased to ferment. Then stop it
closely, plastering the bung with clay. At the end of six months,
draw off a little of it; and if it is not quite clear and bright,
refine it with the whites and shells of three or four eggs, beaten
to a stiff froth and stirred into a quart of the wine, taken out
for the purpose and then returned to the cask; or you may refine
it with an ounce or more of dissolved isinglass. Let it stand a
week or two, and then bottle it.
This is an excellent domestic wine, very common in England, and
deserving to be better known in America, where the elderberry tree
is found in great abundance. Elderberry wine is generally taken
mulled with spice, and warm.
Elder Flower Wine
Take the flowers or blossoms of the elder tree, and strip them
from the stalks. To every quart of flowers allow one gallon of
water, and three pounds of while sugar. Boil and skim the sugar
and water, and then pour it hot on the flowers. When cool, mix in
with it some lemon juice and some yeast; allowing to six gallons
of the liquor the juice of six lemons, and four or five table-spoonfuls
of good yeast stirred in very hard. Let it ferment for
three days in a tub covered with a double blanket. Then strain the
wine through a sieve, (add six whites of eggs beaten to a stiff
froth, or an ounce of melted isinglass,) and put it into a cask,
in the bottom of which you have laid four or five pounds of the
best raisins, stoned. Stop the cask closely, and in six months the
wine will be fit to bottle. It will much resemble Frontiniac, the
elder flowers imparting to it a very pleasant taste.
Take sweet cider immediately from the press. Strain it through a
flannel bag into a tub, and stir into it as much honey as will
make it strong enough to bear up an egg. Then boil and skim it,
and when the scum ceases to rise, strain it again. When cool, put
it into a cask, and set it in a cool cellar till spring. Then
bottle it off; and when ripe, it will be found a very pleasant
beverage. The cider must be of the very best quality, made
entirely from good sound apples.